BETWEEN GOVERNING & GOVERNANCE
POUL F. KJAER
OXFORD: HART, 2010
Reviewed by Mark FENWICK, Kyushu University
Poul Kjaer’s Between Governing & Governance is a provocative contribution to contemporary theoretical debates on evolving forms of governance within the European Union (EU). Kjaer’s contention is that over recent decades three new “governance structures” (following Kjaer, GS) have become increasingly prevalent within the EU – namely commitology, the open method of coordination (OMC) & independent regulatory agencies – and that these new GS can no longer be understood or explained by reference to the inter-governmental/supranational distinction that has traditionally been used to frame discussion. Instead, Kjaer seeks to suggest that EU governance is an evolving “hybrid structure” consisting of “networks” of traditional hierarchical organizations (such as the Commission, Council and Parliament), intermixed with new “heterarchical” organizational forms.