Ritsuko SAOTOME, The University of Kitakyushu
Denmark has taken part in many United Nations peacekeeping operations. After the end of the Cold War, Denmark has also actively participated in peace support operations led by NATO and the United States. However, Denmark has not sent troops to military crisis management led by the European Union (EU), because Denmark decided to opt out of the common defence of the EU.
Ryosuke AMIYA-NAKADA, Tsuda College
The aim of the paper is to analyze the EU social and labor policy in relation to the development of the Single Market. This topic is usually discussed using the dichotomy as “neo-liberalism” against “Social Europe,” or the Common Market versus the national welfare states. To the contrary, this paper offers a new perspective to understand the political tension inherent in the EU social policy by differentiating the “social” into the individual social rights and collective rule-making. From this perspective, it is elucidated that different understandings on the role of collective rule-making is harder to reconcile with the construction of the Single Market, where the rights should be universal and beyond a specific national conception.